Nuclear Physics III - Experimental High Energy

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QUARTER: Fall 2008

LECTURES: 432 Phys/Geo, TR 1:10 to 2:30

INSTRUCTOR: Daniel Cebra, 539 P/G, 752-4592,


TEXT: No required text. The following could be useful:

R.L Vogt Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

C.Y. Wong Introduction to High-Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions
L.P. Csernai Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
J. Letessier and J. Rafelski Hadrons and Quark-Gluon Plasma

HOMEWORK: There will be presentations assigned through the quarter.

EXAM:  There will be no exams for this course

GRADE DETERMINATION: Grade will be determined presentations and class participation

OFFICE HOURS: Cebra (any time)

Course Overview:  The class will be taught as a seminar class. We will alternate between lectures to overview the concepts with readings and discussions of critical papers in the field. There will be no homework assignments, no exams. Students are read the discussion papers ahead and to come prepared for presentations.


Class Outline: The Class will follow the evolution of a relativistic heavy ion collision:

I.                    Overview and Historical Perspective

a.       Hagedorn Bootstrap Model

b.      Bjorken energy density

c.       Basic Kinematics


II.                  Quantum Chromodynamics

a.       Asymptotic freedom

b.      Confinement

c.       Chirality


III.                Initial Conditions and First Collisions

a.       Glauber Model --- pre-collision and initial geometry (impact parameter)

b.      Color-Glass Condensate

c.       Parton Cascade ---


IV.                Quark-Gluon Plasma Formation and Evolution

a.       Lattice QCD

b.      Hydrodynamics

c.       Elliptic flow


V.                  Probes of the Dense Partonic Phase

a.       J/y Suppression and open charm

b.      Jets

c.       Direct Photons

d.      Di-Leptons


VI.                Hadronization

a.       Recombination vs. Fragmentation

b.      Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical freeze-out

c.       Strangeness enhancement


VII.              Thermal Freeze-out

a.       Pion production/Entropy

b.      Radial Flow

c.       HBT


VIII.            Accelerators and Detector for Heavy-Ion Physics



IX.                Implications

a.       Big Bang Cosmology

b.      BBN

c.       Supernovae

d.      Neutron, Strange, and Quark Stars




TOPIC I: General Overview and Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics

Chapter 1 of F. Halzen and A. Martin Quarks and Leptons
Chapter 6 of Perkins and/or any other introduction to QCD
Chapter 2 of Wong kinematic variables

Statistical Thermodynamics of Strong Interactions at high Energies

R. Hagedorn, Suppl. Nuovo Cimento 3, 147, 1965

Very High Energy Collisions of Hadrons
R.P. Feynman, Phys. Rev. Lett.

 23, 1415 (1969)


Highly Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions: The Central Rapidity Region
J. D. Bjorken, Phys. Rev. D27, 140 (1983)

Lectures given by R. Bellwied at Graduate Summer School, Germany 2004

Lectures given by John Harris at Winter Institute, Lake Louise, 2006
, 2

The STAR Whitepaper

The PHENIX Whitepaper

CORE - COmpendium on RElations

The Physics of Thermal QCD
Smilga, hep-ph/9612347


TOPIC II:  Quantum Chromodynamics

Reading assignment for this lesson

Lecture on foundation in QCD
Smilga, hep-ph/9901412

Asymptotic Freedom and QCD
Nobel Prize Lecture, Frank Wilczek, hep-ph/0502113

Gribov's lectures on confinement
Lecture 1, hep-ph/9403218
Lecture 2, hep-ph/9404332

Why is a nucleon bound ?
Ed Shuryak, hep-ph/9603354

Chiral Symmetry Restoration
Volker Koch, nucl-th/9706075


TOPIC III:  Initial Conditions and First Collisions

Reading assignment for this lesson

Glauber Model in RHI collisions

The Color Glass Condensate: an Introduction
E. Iancu et al.,hep-ph/0202270

Comment: The important concepts are in the first part of the article, but a more ambitious reader should go on farther.


TOPIC IV:  Quark-Gluon Plasma Formation and Evolution

Reading assignment for this lesson

Phase Transitions in QCD
H.Meyer-Ortmanns, hep-lat/9608098

Introduction to Lattice QCD
Rajan Gupta, hep-lat/9807028

Comment: Read only sections 1-10. A long but introductory article. Read what you can for a first impression; but you will not be able to understand everything. Take down questions for class.

Recent lattice Results Relevant for Heavy Ion Collisions
Kazauyuki Kanaya, hep-ph/0209116

Comment: Short and should be of interest to students who work on RHIC physics. This will be discussed in more detail in class, so read and try to understand and mark down questions.

Hydrodynamical models (I)

Hydrodynamical models (II)

Hydrodynamical models (III)
Recent summary by Ruuskanen and Eskola, nucl-th/0605008


TOPIC V:  Probes of the Dense Partonic Phase

Reading assignment for this lesson

Space-time Structure of Initial Parton Production in Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions,
K.J. Eskola and X.N. Wang, Phys. Rev. D, preprint LBL-34156

Jets in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
X.N. Wang and M. Gyulassy, preprint LBL-29390

GLV approach to radiative energy loss
Gyulassy et al., hep-ph/9907461

BDMPS approach to radiative energy loss
Baier et al., hep-ph/9607355

LPM effect in QED
Baier et al., hep-ph/9604327

Energy Loss in High Energy Heavy Ion Collisions from the Hydro + Jet
T. Hirano and Y. Nara, hep-ph/0208029

Summary of Status of RHIC data (II),
P. Jacobs and X.N. Wang

High pt probes,
P. Jacobs

High pT Azimuthal Asymmetry in Non-central A+A at RHIC
STAR collaboration, PRL 90 (2003)

High pt Tomography of d+Au and Au+Au at SPS, RHIC and LHC
X.N.Wang, I. Vitev, M.Gyulassy, PRL 86 (2001)

Gluon Shadowing and Jet Quenching in A+A Collisions at sqrt(s)=200A GeV
X.N.Wang, M.Gyulassy, PRL 68 (1992)

Heavy Quarks and QCD Matter
D. Kharzeev, Nucl.Phys.A702 (2002)

Charmonium Suppression
Matsui and Satz,Phys. Lett. B 178 (1986) 416.

Charmonium Suppression (experimental),
NA50 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B 450 (1999) 456.

Heavy Flavor Energy Loss
M. Djordjevic, hep-ph/0410372


TOPIC VI:  Hadronization

Reading assignment for this lesson

Hadron Production in Au-Au Collisions at RHIC
P. Braun-Munzinger, D. Magestro, K. Redlich, and J. Stachel, hep-ph/0105229

Thermal Phenomenology of Hadrons from 200 A GeV S + S Collisions
E. Schnedermann, J. Sollfrank, and U. Heinz, Nucl-th/9307020

Chemical Equilibration in Pb + Pb Collisions at the SPS
P. Braun-Munzinger, I. Heppe, and J. Stachel, nucl-th/9903010v2

Chemical Equilibration and the Hadron-QGP Phase Transition
P. Braun-Munzinger, nucl-ex/0007021

Strangeness Production in the Quark-Gluon Plasma
Rafelski et al., Phys. Rev. Letter 48, (1982) 12066
Rafelski et al., Phys. Rev. Letter 56, 2334.

Strangeness Production in Heavy Ion Collisions
Redlich et al., Nuc. Phys. A698 (2002) 94c.

Resonance Production in medium
C. Markert, nucl-ex/0503013


Topic VII:  Thermal Freeze-out

Reading assignment for this lesson

Year-1 data from RHIC
J. Nagle and T. Ullrich, nucl-ex/0203007

Early Bulk Data Summary
T. Ullrich, nucl-ex/0211004

Summary of Status of RHIC data (I)
B. Mueller and J.Nagle, nucl-th/0602029

M. Lisa et al., nucl-ex/0505014




TOPIC VIII:  Accelerators and Detectors

Reading assignment for this lesson




TOPIC IX:  Implications

Reading assignment for this lesson


Other Relevant Papers

Supersymmetric string models in RHIC physics
Policastro, Son and Starinets,hep-th/0104066

Supersymmetric string models in RHIC physics (II)
Kovtun, Son and Starinets,hep-th/0405231

T.Hirano and Y.Nara,nucl-th/0404039/

 From pions to pentaquarks
Dmitri Diakonov, hep-ph/0406043